Facts and Important Points About India

India is a country of vast human diversity with people of different languages and different ethnicity. The country occupied a huge part of South Asia. Some important points about India is followed below.

Some Basic Points About India

  • India is the home to roughly one-sixth of the world’s total population. The country has a population of more than 1.2 billion. The figure makes India the second most populated country in the world.
  • The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of India. The eight states over which the Tropic of Cancer passes are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • With an area of 3,287,263 km2, India is the seventh-largest country in the world by area.
  • Two major religions- Hinduism and Buddhism are propagated from India. Though most of the population of India are Hindus, the country follows secularism.
  • India has 22 official languages but the no of languages used by the natives of different areas in the country is more than the count. As per the 2011 census India has 31 individual languages. One interesting fact is that India has the second-largest English-speaking population after the United States.
  • India has the world’s largest constitution. Indian constitution originally had 395 articles, divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. Indian constitution is almost 30 times longer than America’s.
  • The Ayurveda system of medicine originated in India. Charaka was one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda. Ancient Indian physician Sushruta is the world’s first surgeon known as the “Father of Surgery”.
  • Many prominent mathematicians like Aryabhata and Baudhayana were born in India. Aryabhata is the founder of zero and Baudhayanacalculated the value of Pi. Many other Indian mathematicians have distinguished contributions to different fields of mathematics. The decimal system of counting was invented in India.
  • In ancient times, India was the hub of education. Erstwhile universities like Nalanda and Takshashila enlighted many Indian and foreign scholars.
  • India has the fourth-largest rail network in the world. The Chenab Rail Bridge is the world’s highest railway bridge.

Ladakh Jammu and Kashmir Punjab Chandigarh Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Island Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry

More Informations About State

The following tables contain some more information about India.

General Details About India

Name Republic of India
Capital New Delhi
Country code +91
ccTLD .in
Latitude 8°4’N – 37°6’N
Longitude 68°7’E – 97°25’E
Time Zone GMT+5:30
Total Area 3,287,263 km2
Area Wise Rank 7th
Land Border Length 15,106.7 km
Coastline Length 7,516.6 km

National Symbols

National Flag
National Emblem
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
National Song Vande Mataram
National Animal Bengal Tiger
National Bird Peacock
National Aquatic Animal Dolphin
National Heritage Animal Elephant
National Reptile King Cobra
National Fruit Mango
National Flower Lotus
National Game Hockey
National Tree Banyan
National River Ganga

India – Highest, Largest, Longest etc.

Highest mountain peak in India Kanchenjunga
Highest point of India Kanchenjunga
lowest point of India Kuttanad
Driest Place in India Leh
wettest place in India Cherrapunjee
coldest place in India Dras
longest river in India Ganga
Largest lake in India Chilika
World’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans

Neighbouring Countries

Countries Length of Border Guarding Force
Afghanistan 106 km
Bangladesh 4,096.7 km Border Security Force
Bhutan 699 km Sashastra Seema Bal
China 3,488 km Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Special Frontier Force
Myanmar 1,643 km Assam Rifles
Indian Army
Nepal 1,751 km Sashastra Seema Bal
Pakistan 3,323 km Border Security Force
Sri Lanka 0.1 km Border Security Force

States and Union Territories of India with their Capitals

States and Their Capitals

States Capitals
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Assam Dispur
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Goa Panaji
Gujarat Gandhinagar
Haryana Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh Shimla (Summer)
Dharamshala (Winter)
Jharkhand Ranchi
Karnataka Bangalore
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Maharashtra Mumbai (Summer)
Nagpur (Winter)
Manipur Imphal
Meghalaya Shillong
Mizoram Aizawl
Nagaland Kohima
Odisha  Bhubaneshwar
Punjab  Chandigarh
Rajasthan  Jaipur
Sikkim  Gangtok
Tamil Nadu  Chennai
Telangana  Hyderabad
Tripura  Agartala
Uttar Pradesh  Lucknow
Uttarakhand  Gairsain (Summer)
Dehradun (Winter)
West Bengal Kolkata

Union Territories and Their Capitals

UTs Capitals
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)
Ladakh Leh and Kargil
Lakshadweep Kavaratti
Delhi New Delhi
Puducherry Pondicherry

Religions in India

Religions Approximate Followers







Others 0.67%

Demography of India

Population 1,210,193,422(2011 Census)
1.38 Billion (2020-World Bank Data)
Population Density 382 Persons per Square Kilometre(2011 Census)
Sex Ratio 940 Females per 1000 Males
Literacy Rate 74.04%
Life expectancy 69.66 years (2019-World Bank Data)

Indian Languages

  • India has 31 Individual Languages as per the 2011 Census.
  • Constitution Recognizes 22 Regional Languages and these 22 Regional Languages are called Scheduled Languages.
31 Individual Languages as per 2011 Census 22 Scheduled Languages
Hindi Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Marathi Gujarati
Telugu Hindi
Tamil Kannada
Gujarati Kashmiri
Urdu Konkani
Kannada Malayalam
Odia Manipuri
Malayalam Marathi
Punjabi Nepali
Assamese Oriya
Maithili Punjabi
Bhili/Bhilodi Sanskrit
Santali Sindhi
Kashmiri Tamil
Gondi Telugu
Nepali Urdu
Sindhi Bodo
Dogri Santhali
Konkani Maithili
Kurukh Dogri

*Languages with Red colour are classical languages

Meitei (Manipuri)

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