Facts and Interesting Points About Jammu and Kashmir

Interesting Points About Jammu and Kashmir

  • Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir shares its border with Ladakh to the east, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, Pakistan to the southwest and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) to the northwest.
  • The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir was formed on 31 October 2019 by the splitting of Jammu and Kashmir state into 2 Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
  • Jammu and Kashmir state had its own flag and a separate constitution, but with the abrogation of Article 370 by the Indian Parliament in August 2019, the separate flag and constitution system of the state was abolished.
  • The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has 2 capitals.
    • Srinagar is the summer capital of the Union Territory.
    • Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Amarnath cave is located in the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir. The cave has a natural Shiva lingam made up of ice.
  • The famous Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine is located in Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
  • The eighth century AD Martand Sun Temple is located in the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
  • The Floating Post Office is located in Dal Lake, Srinagar is assumed to be the only post office in the world to be located on a lake. The post office is built on a houseboat.
  • The World famous Pashmina Shawl is made from the wools of the Himalayan Goat and is an acknowledged handicraft of Jammu and Kashmir.

More Informations About Jammu and Kashmir

General Details About Jammu and Kashmir

Formation as UT 31 October 2019

Srinagar (Summer)

Jammu (Winter)

Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha
Districts 20
Area (km2) 42,241
Lok Sabha Seats 5
Rajya Sabha Seats 4
State Legislative Assembly Seats 114
Languages  Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, Hindi, English

Demography of Jammu and Kashmir

Population (2011 Census) 12,267,013
Population Density (per km2) 290

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Limber Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Overa – Aru Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Rajparian (Daksum) Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Lachipora Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Trikuta Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Nandi Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Surinsar Mansar Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Chenab River
  2. Indus River
  3. Jhelum River
  4. Neelum River
  5. Ravi River
  6. Shingo River
  7. Shyok River
  8. Tawi River
  9. Zanskar River

Important Mountains in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Nun (7135 m)
  2. Tatakuti
  3. Sickle Moon
  4. Kolahoi Peak
  5. Brammah II
  6. Harmukh
  7. Hagshu

Agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir

Major Crops Rice, Corn, Millet, Pulses, Peas, Beans, Lentils
Cash Crops Cotton, Tobacco, Saffron
Vegetables Radishes, Tomatoes, Okra, Cauliflower, Cabbage
Fruits Apple, Cherries, Almonds, Wall Nuts

Mineral Deposits in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Sapphire
  2. Graphite
  3. Marble
  4. Gypsum
  5. Coal
  6. Limestone

Airports in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport (Srinagar)
  2. Jammu Airport

Traditional Dances in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Rouf Dance
  2. Kud Dance
  3. Bacha Nagma Dance
  4. Dumhal Dance

Art and Crafts of Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Crewel
  2. Papier Machie
  3. Basohli Painting
  4. Chain Stitch
  5. Calico Painting
  6. Kashmiri Shawls
  7. Kashmiri Carpets
  8. Phool Kari
  9. Wood Carving

Regional Festivals Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Tulip Festival
  2. Shikhara Festival
  3. Sindhu Darshan Festival
  4. Lohri
  5. Hemis Festival
  6. Baishakhi
  7. Eid Al Adha and Eid Ul Fitr

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