Facts and Important Points About Major Rivers of India

The Indian rivers are the principal source of water for country’s human life, agriculture and industry. These Rivers have been described as lifeline of our country and plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Further more, these rivers have a significant contribution towards waterway transportation and Hydro electric power generation. Based on source of origin, Indian rivers are divided into two types – Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. The Major rivers of India are the Indus, Ganges, Yamuna, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri and Narmada.

Major Rivers of India

Major Rivers of India

River Origin Flow Route in India Outflow
Indus Tibetan Plateau Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir Arabian sea
Ganga (Ganges) Bhagirathi rises from Gangotri Glacier. The stream confluence with Mandakini and Alakananda at Dev Prayag and is known as Ganga from here. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal Bay of Bengal
Yamuna Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarkashi District of Uttarakhand Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh It confluences with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam
Brahmaputra Kailash ranges of the Himalayas Arunachal Pradesh, Assam Bay of Bengal
Narmada Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
Tapi/Tapti Satpura range in the Gawilgarh hills of  Deccan plateau, Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat Arabian sea
Mahanadi Sihawa mountain, Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh, Odisha Bay of Bengal
Godavari Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha Bay of Bengal
Krishna Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh Bay of Bengal
Kaveri Talakaveri, Brahmagiri range in the Western Ghats in Karnataka Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Bay of Bengal

Statewise List of Important Rivers in India

State/UT Major Rivers
Andhra Pradesh Godavari, Krishna, Penna/Pennar River, Palar
Bihar Ganga, Gandak, Koshi
Delhi Yamuna
Goa Mandovi
Gujarat Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, Orsang, Mahi
Haryana Yamuna
Jharkhand Damodar, Ganga, Subarnarekha, South Koel
Karnataka Tungabhadra, Kaveri , Bhima, Pennar, Palar
Kerala Periyar
Madhya Pradesh Narmada, Chambal, Kali Sindh, Parbati, Betwa, Tapi, Sindh, Dhasan, Ken, Tons, Son
Maharashtra Krishna, Godavari, Tapi, Bhima
Odisha Mahanadi, Brahmini, Subarnarekha, Tel
Punjab Satluj
Rajasthan Chambal, Banas, Sabarmati, Luni
Sikkim Tista
Tamil Nadu Kaveri, Ponnaiyar, Palar
Uttar Pradesh Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ghaghara, Ramganga
Uttarakhand Ganga, Ramganga
West Bengal Ganga, Damodar, Tista

Major River Systems in India

River System Main Tributaries
Indus River System Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej
Brahmaputra River System Lohit, Dibang, Subansiri, Jiabharali, Dhansiri, Manas, Torsa, Sankosh, Teesta , Desang, Dikhow, Dhansiri, Kopili
Ganga River System Yamuna, Ram Ganga, Gomati, Ghaghara, Son, Damodar, Sapt Kosi
Yamuna River System Kali Sindh, Parbati, Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, Ken, Dhasan
Narmada River System Burhner, Halon, Heran, Banjar, Dudhi, Shakkar, Tawa, Barna , Kolar, Ganjal, Beda, Orsang
Tapti River System Purna, Girna, Panzara, Waghur, Bori, Aner
Godavari River System Indravati, Manjira, Bindusara, Sabari
Cauveri River System Shimsha, Hemavati, Arkavathy, Lokapavani, Bhavani, Kapila, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Noyyal, Amaravati
Mahanadi River System Seonath, Jonk, Hasdeo, Mand, Ib, Ong, Tel

East flowing & West Flowing Rivers of India

East Flowing Rivers Outflow
Ganga Bay of Bengal
Yamuna Confluences with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam
Mahanadi Bay of Bengal
Godavari Bay of Bengal
Krishna Bay of Bengal
Kaveri Bay of Bengal
West Flowing Rivers Outflow
Indus Arabian Sea
Narmada Arabian Sea
Tapi Arabian Sea
Sabarmati, Orsang, Mahi Arabian Sea
Orsang Confluences with the Narmada River
Mahi Arabian Sea
Periyar Arabian Sea

List of Important River Projects in India

River River Project State
Sutlej River Bhakra-Nangal Dam Bhakra Dam – Himachal Pradesh
Nangal Dam – Punjab
Nathpa-Jhakri Hydro-Electric Project Himachal Pradesh
Confluence of the Sutlej and Beas Rivers Indira Gandhi Canal or Rajasthan Canal Start point: Harike Barrage, Punjab
End point: Thar Desert, Rajasthan
Beas River Pong-Dam Himachal Pradesh
Ravi River Thien Dam Punjab
Chamera Hydro-Electric Project Himachal Pradesh
Chenab River Baglihar Hydroelectric Power Project Jammu and Kashmir
Dul-Hasti Hydro-Electric Project Jammu and Kashmir
Bhagirathi Koteshwar Dam Uttarakhand
Maneri Dam Uttarakhand
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand
Ganga or Ganges River Bhimgoda Barrage Uttarakhand
Pashulok Barrage Uttarakhand
Farakka Barrage West Bengal
Yamuna River Asan Barrage Uttarakhand
Dakpathar Barrage Uttarakhand
Ramganga Kalagarh Dam Uttarakhand
Narmada Sardar Sarovar Dam Gujarat
Adampura Dam Madhya Pradesh
Maheshwar Dam Madhya Pradesh
Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam Madhya Pradesh
Ahmadpur Dam Madhya Pradesh
Bichhia Dam Madhya Pradesh
Chandrakeshar Dam Madhya Pradesh
Tapi Kakrapar Dam Gujarat
Ukai Dam Gujarat
Dehali Dam Maharashtra
Dhaner Dam Maharashtra
Hatnur Dam Maharashtra
Wan Hydro Electric project Maharashtra
Nanduri Dam Maharashtra
Wadishewadi Dam Maharashtra
Chambal Gandhi Sagar Dam Madhya Pradesh
Betwa Rajghat Dam Madhya Pradesh
Sindh River Madikheda Dam Madhya Pradesh
Damodar River Durgapur Barrage West Bengal
Panchet Dam West Bengal
Mahanadi Hirakund Dam Odisha
Baghjharan Dam Odisha
Bhetabar Dam Odisha
Budhabudiani Dam Odisha
Barat Sagar Dam Chhattisgarh
Champi Dam Chhattisgarh
Brahmani Rengali Dam Odisha
Godavari Sriram Sagar Project or Poochampad Project Telangana
Jayakwadi Maharashtra
Polavaram Andhra Pradesh
Krishna Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Telangana
Srisailam Dam Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
Jurala Project Telangana
Koyna Dam Maharashtra
Pulichinthala Project Andhra Pradesh
Kaveri Krishnaraja Sagar Dam Karnataka
Mettur Dam Tamil Nadu
Upper Anaicut or Upper Anicut Tamil Nadu
Mangala II Dam Karnataka
Kallanai Dam Tamil Nadu

Indian Major Cities on River Banks

River City State
Ganga or Ganges River Haridwar Uttarkhand
Chandauli Uttar Pradesh
Farrukhabad Uttar Pradesh
Fatehgarh Uttar Pradesh
Kannauj Uttar Pradesh
Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
Chakeri Uttar Pradesh
Shuklaganj Uttar Pradesh
Allahabad Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
Nawabganj Uttar Pradesh
Bhagalpur Bihar
Patna Bihar
Calcutta West Bengal
Yamuna River Agra Uttar Pradesh
Mathura Uttar Pradesh
New Delhi Delhi
Gomti River Lucknow Uttar Pradesh
Rapti River Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh
Hooghly River Kolkata West Bengal
Chambal River Gwalior Madhya Pradesh
Kota Rajasthan
Narmada Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh
Bharuch Gujarat
Tapi River Surat Gujarat
Vishwamitri Vadodara Gujarat
Aji Rajkot Gujarat
Brahmaputra River Guwahati Assam
Mahanadi Cuttack Odisha
Sambalpur Odisha
Brahmani Rourkela Odisha
Pennar Nellore Andhra Pradesh
Godavari Rajahmundry Andhra Pradesh
Nashik Maharashtra
Nanded Maharashtra
Krishna Sangli Andhra Pradesh
Vijayawada Maharashtra
Netravati River Mangalore Karnataka
Tungabhadra Hospet Karnataka
Kaveri Thiruchirapalli Tamil Nadu
Erode Tamil Nadu
Adyar Chennai Tamil Nadu
Vaigai Madurai Tamil Nadu

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