Facts and Interesting Points About Himachal Pradesh

Interesting Points Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal Pradesh got its statehood on 25th January 1971 and became the 18th state of India. Previously it was a Union territory of India.
  • It was formed by the integration of four districts ( Mandi, Chamba, Mahasu and Sirmour ) with 30 princely states.
  • Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the state population.
  • Himachal Pradesh is the first state in the country to become smoke-free. To achieve this milestone, both Ujjwala and Himachal Grihini Suvidha schemes are proving to be a boon for the people of the state.
  • Solan city situated in Himachal Pradesh is known as the “Mushroom city of India” because of the vast mushroom farming in the area.
  • All the three airports at Shimla, Kullu and Kangra are operated seasonally due to extreme weather conditions.
  • Chail Cricket Ground located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh is located at 2444 meters above sea level, making it the highest cricket ground in the world.

More Informations About Himachal Pradesh

General Details About Himachal Pradesh

UT Status 1 November 1956
Statehood 25 January 1971

Shimla (Summer)

Dharamsala (Winter)

Governor Rajendra Arlekar
Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur
Chief Justice Justice Amjad Ahtesham Sayed
Districts 12
Area (km2) 55,673
Lok Sabha Seats 4
Rajya Sabha Seats 3
State Legislative Assembly Seats 68
State Legislative Council Seats  
Languages Hindi, Himachali/Pahari, Punjabi, Dogri, Kangri, Kinnauri, Mandeali, Kullvi, Bilaspuri

State Symbols of Himachal Pradesh

State Animal Snow Leopard
State Bird Western Tragopan   
State Tree Deodar Cedar
State Flower Pink Rhododendron
State Fruit Apple

Demography of Himachal Pradesh

Population (2011 Census) 6,864,602
Population Density (per km2) 123
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 972
Literacy Rate (%) 82.80
Per Capita Income (₹) 239,535

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Great Himalayan National Park
  2. Inderkilla National Park
  3. Pin Valley National Park
  4. Khirganga National Park
  5. Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Chail Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Churdhar Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Darlaghat Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Dhauladhar Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Govind Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Naina Devi Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary
  15. Talra Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Chenab
  2. Sutlej
  3. Ravi
  4. Yamuna
  5. Beas
  6. Baspa River
  7. Parvati River

Important Mountains in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Shilla(7026m)
  2. Ninjeri
  3. Triund Hill
  4. Parvati Parvat
  5. Undung Kangri
  6. Rangrik Rang
  7. Dainkund Peak
  8. Chitkul
  9. Jakhoo Hill
  10. Mukila
  11. Jorkanden
  12. Menthosa
  13. Papsura
  14. Dharamsura

Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh

Major Crops Wheat, Rice, Cotton, Groundnut, Rapeseed, Mustard, Gram Lentil, Maize, Soyabean, Sunflower, Toria, Urd, Moong, Rajmash etc.
Vegetables Cauliflower, Onion, Potato, Cabbage, Pea, Radish, Carrot, Beet, French Bean etc.
Fruits Guava, Mango, Litchi, Citrus, Loquat, Papaya, Grapes, jackfruit, Banana, Strawberry etc.

Mineral Deposits in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Limestone
  2. Silica-sand
  3. Baryte
  4. Gypsum

Airports in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Shimla Airport, Kullu Airport, Kangra Airport

Traditional Dances in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Nati Dance
  2. Rakshasa Dance
  3. Bakayang Dance
  4. Kayang Mala Dance
  5. Chohara Dance
  6. Dalshone Dance
  7. Jhoor Dance
  8. Rasa Dance
  9. Jhoor Dance
  10. Lang-dar-ma

Art and Crafts of Himachal Pradesh

  1. Stone Carving
  2. Metal Craft
  3. Jewellery
  4. Kullu Shawl
  5. Miniature Painting
  6. Pullas
  7. Hand Woven Cap
  8. Chamba Rumaal

Regional Festivals Himachal Pradesh

  1. Losar
  2. Kullu Dussehra
  3. Sazo Festival
  4. Halda
  5. Sair Festival
  6. Doongri Festival
  7. Phulaich Festival
  8. Pori Festival
  9. Minjar Fair

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