About Union Territory Jammu and Kashmir

  • Jammu & Kashmir shares border with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south and Ladakh to the east.
  • It is famous for its temples, and the beauty of the Kashmir valley.
  • Srinagar was founded by Emperor Ashoka, who introduced Buddhism to the Kashmir valley.
  • Srinagar has served as the summer capital, while Jammu has served as the winter capital of the Union Territory.
  • Tunnel T-49 is located at an altitude of 1400m in the picturesque Sumber village of Jammu & Kashmir is set to be the longest railway tunnel in India with a length of 12.758 km.
  • Drass is the world’s second coldest inhabited place after Siberia’s Oymyakon.
  • A traditional green tea with spices and almonds named Kawa is consumed all through the day in Kashmir.
  • Over 5000 years old Amarnath Cave in Jammu and Kashmir has natural Shiv Lingam made of ice. 
  • India’s first floating post office was built over a boat in Dal Lake in Srinagar.
  • Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Temple in Katra, Jammu & Kashmir won the award for Cleanest Religious Place at Safaigiri Awards 2018.
  • Zoji la is an important pass between Ladakh and Kashmir.
  • The 9 km long Chenani-Nashri tunnel is India’s longest road tunnel.
  • Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden located in this Union Territory is the largest tulip garden in Asia.
  • Jammu & Kashmir is the largest producer of saffron in India and the third-largest producer in the world.

Some Important Points About Jammu and Kashmir

Lieutenant Governor

Capital City

No. of Districts

Date of Formation

Manoj Sinha Srinagar (Summer Capital)
Jammu (Winter Capital)
20 Union Territory- 31 October 2019

State Symbols

State Animal

State Bird

State Tree

State Flower

Kashmir Stag or Hangul Black Necked Crane Chinar Lotus
  • Total Area (km2)


    • Kashmiri
    • Dogri
    • Urdu
    • Hindi
    • English
    • Gojri
    • Pahari-Pothwari
    • Punjabi

    Lok Sabha Seats

    Rajya Sabha Seats

    5 4

    Population (2011 Census)

    Population Density (per km2)

    Literacy Rate

    12,267,013 290 67.16

    Mountain and Peaks


    Forests & Wildlife Reserves

    • Nun (7135m)
    • Bharanzar (6574m)
    • Hagshu
    • Tatakuti
    • Kolahoi
    • Kala Pahar
    • Harmukh
    • Hagshu
    • Arjuna
    • Poonch River
    • Rambi Ara
    • Lidder River
    • Tawi River
    • Neelum or Kishanganga River
    • Veshaw River
    • Sind River
    • Bringhi River
    • Sandran River
    • Yapola River
    • Markha River
    • Ravi River
    • Ujh River
    • Nala Palkhu
    • Jhelum River
    • Dudhganga
    • Chenab River
    • Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Trikuta Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Nandi Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Overa – Aru Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary Shopian
    • Surinsar Mansar Sanctuary
    • Lachipora Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Thajwas (Baltal) Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Limber Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary or Daksum Wildlife Sanctuary

    Agricultural Produce

    Mineral Deposits


    Crops- Rice, Cotton, Lentil, Corn, Millet, Barley, Sorghum, Tobacco etc.

    Vegetables & Fruits- Peas, Beans, Apple, Pears, Peaches, Walnuts, Almonds, Cherries, Saffron etc.

    • Limestone
    • Coal
    • Zinc
    • Copper
    • Textile (Silk, Wool, Carpet)
    • Forest Product
    • Agro Based Industries (Food Products, Beverages)
    • Cement Industry
    • Papier Mache Industry
    • Tiles & Brick
    • Handicraft Industries


    Tourist Spots

    • Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport- Srinagar
    • Jammu Airport- Jammu
    • Doodhganga
    • Gulmarg
    • Amarnath Cave
    • Mughal Gardens
    • Tulip Garden
    • Pari Mahal
    • Kheer Bhawani Temple
    • Vaishno Devi
    • Patni Top
    • Sanasar Lake
    • Dal Lake

    Folk and Classical Dances and Musics

    Art & Craft

    Regional Festivals

    • Chakri Music
    • Ladishah Music
    • Sufiana Kalam Music
    • Henzae Music
    • Rouf or Wanwun Dance
    • Bachha Nagma Dance
    • Dandaras Dance
    • Weaving (Kashmir shawl, Pashmina, Kani Shawl, Carpets)
    • Embroidery
    • Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving
    • Silverware Work
    • Stone crafting
    • Papier-Mache
    • Phool Kari
    • Tulip Festival
    • Shikara Festival
    • Gurez Festival
    • Lohri
    • Baisakhi
    • Amarnath Yatra

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