Facts and Interesting Points About Kerala

Interesting Points About Kerala

  • Kerala name is derived from two Malayalam words Kera and Alam. In Malayalam Kera means ‘coconut tree’ and Alam means ‘land’; thus, the meaning of Kerala is ‘Land of Coconuts’. Around 7.70 lakh hectares of cultivated area in the state are used for coconut plantation.
  • Kerala is known as the Spice Coast of India.
  • The state is bordered by Karnataka to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and by the Arabian Sea to the south and west.
  • Kerala surrounds Mahe, a segment of the Puducherry, on the northwestern coast.
  • Kerala is the largest rubber producer in the country. The state is only accounting for producing more than 90% of the total rubber in the country.
  • Kerala is also known for its backwater stretches.
  • Somatheeram Ayurveda Hospital is the first of its kind in the world with a resort ambience.
  • The first-ever church, mosque and synagogue in India were built in Kerala.
    • St. Thomas Church, Palayoor is located at Palayur in Thrissur district in Kerala. It was established in 52 AD by St Thomas. It is the first church in India.
    • Cheraman Juma Masjid is the first mosque to be built in India. It is situated in Kodungallur in the Thrissur district.
    • Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in India. It is located in Kochi, Kerala state. It was built in 1567.
  • Kerala is the most literate state in India. As per the 2011 census, the state has a literacy rate of nearly 93.91%. The Kerala Education Act introduced in 1958 gave a tremendous boost to the literacy rate in the state.
  • Kerala is the first state of India to receive rainfall by the southwest monsoon.
  • The state has the world’s richest temple, Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is known as the richest temple in the world. This temple has a whopping amount of precious assets in terms of gold and precious stones.
  • Kerala has the highest sex ratio in India. The state has a female-to-male ratio of 1084 females for 1000 males as per the 2011 census.
  • Kerala is the only state in India to have hospitals and banks in every village.
  • Kerala has a special bond with the Elephants. The elephants play an imperative role in religious processions and festivals.
  • In 2016, President Pranab Mukherjee declared Kerala the first digital state in the country. The state has the largest telecom literacy rate in India. 
  • Anamudi or Anai Mudi Peak of the Anaimalai range is the highest point in the Western Ghats. The peak is located in Ernakulam district and the Idukki district of Kerala.
  • Kerala’s Cochin International Airport Ltd. is the first airport in the world that would be running fully on solar power.
  • Kerala is the first state in the country with 4 operational international airports at Cochin, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram and Kannur.
  • As per information from the National Family Health Survey of 2015–16, Kerala has the highest institutional delivery rate of 99.8%. The figure implies that almost 100% of infants born are born in hospitals and medical institutions.
  • NH-66 is running parallel to Muzhappilangad Beach of Kerala, making it the longest drive-in beach in Asia.
  • The launch of the first sounding rocket from Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala on 21 November 1963, marked the beginning of the Indian Space Programme.
  • The world’s largest soil museum and the first soil museum in India was set up by the Department of Soil Survey and Conservation of the Government of Kerala on 1 January 2014.

More Informations About Kerala

General Details About Kerala

Formation 1 November 1956
Capital Thiruvananthapuram
Governor Arif Mohammad Khan
Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan
Chief Justice Justice K T Koshy
Districts 14
Area (km2) 38,863
Lok Sabha Seats 20
Rajya Sabha Seats 9
State Legislative Assembly Seats 141
Languages Malayalam, Tamil

State Symbols of Kerala

State Animal Indian Elephant
State Bird Great Hornbill
State Tree Coconut Tree
State Flower Kanikonna

Demography of Kerala

Population (2011 Census) 33,406,061
Population Density (per km2) 860
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 1084
Literacy Rate (%) 94.00
Per Capita Income (₹) 236,093

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Kerala

  1. Eravikulam National Park
  2. Silent Valley National Park
  3. Anamudi Shola National Park
  4. Mathikettan Shola National Park
  5. Pambadum Shola National Park
  6. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  7. Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve
  8. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
  15. Chimmony Wildlife sanctuary
  16. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
  17. Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
  18. Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
  19. Kurinjimala Sanctuary
  20. Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary
  21. Kottiyoor Wildlife Sanctuary
  22. Karimpuzha Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Kerala

  1. Kallada River
  2. Achankoil River
  3. Kavvayi River
  4. Chaithravahini River
  5. Shiriya River
  6. Keecheri River
  7. Uppala River
  8. Karuvannur River
  9. Kallayi River
  10. Mogral River
  11. Bharatapuzha River
  12. Ithikkara River
  13. Anjarakandy River
  14. Valapattanam River
  15. Kuttiyadi River
  16. Neeleshwaram River
  17. Neyyar River
  18. Meenachil River
  19. Manimala River
  20. Mahe River
  21. Kuppam River
  22. Chandragiri River
  23. Perumba River
  24. Tirur River
  25. Pallikkal River
  26. Periyar River
  27. Chalakudy River
  28. Chaliyar River
  29. Pamba River
  30. Kadalundy River
  31. Muvattupuzha River
  32. Korapuzha River
  33. Kariangode River
  34. Vamanapuram River
  35. Karamana River

Important Mountains in Kerala

  1. Anamudi (8841m)
  2. Mecheri Mala
  3. Koyil Mala
  4. Meesapulimala
  5. Koorakakobu Mala
  6. Meenamala
  7. Chekkan Mudi
  8. Perumbattikallu
  9. Kottappara Mala
  10. Nellikkamala
  11. Aladi Mala
  12. Nedumpara Peak
  13. Kumarikkal Mala
  14. Malleeswaran Mudi
  15. Mukkuthi Mala
  16. Poothadan Mudi
  17. Pambadum Chola
  18. Vagavara Mala
  19. Karimala Gopuram
  20. Kudikkal Kunnu
  21. Nandavaram Mudi
  22. Chekkumala
  23. Kalladikkodu Mala
  24. Ponmudi
  25. Karimala
  26. Vellakkalli Mala
  27. Sispara Palakkad
  28. Pamba Mala
  29. Ayiravalli Mala
  30. Eerodumala

Agriculture in Kerala

Major Crops Rice, Maize, Soya bean, Groundnut, Wheat, Pea, Gram, Barley, Castor, Mustard, Linseed, Rapeseed, Maize, Moong Dal, etc.
Cash Crops Tea, Coffee, Tobacco, Cashews, Pulses, Nuts, Ginger, Coconut, Jute, Cotton, Sugarcane, Rubber etc.
Vegetables Okra, Tomato, Chilli, Bitter Gourd, Radish, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower etc.
Fruits Jack fruit, Mango, Papaya, Banana, Custard Apple, Cashew, Indian Gooseberry, Tamarind, Star Gooseberry, Bread Fruit, Guava, Passion Fruit, Dragon Fruit, Avocado, Cocoa Fruit, Wax Apple, etc.
Spices Cardamom, Cinnamon, Clove, Ginger, Nutmeg, Pepper, Turmeric etc.

Mineral Deposits in Kerala

  1. Gold
  2. Iron ore
  3. Bauxite
  4. Graphite
  5. China Clay
  6. Fire Clay
  7. Lignite
  8. Limestone
  9. Granite
  10. Gemstones
  11. Magnesite
  12. Steatite
  13. Silica Sand

Industries in Kerala

  1. Tourism
  2. Ship Building
  3. Textile & Handloom
  4. Bamboo Industry
  5. Chemical Industry

Airports in Kerala

  1. Calicut International Airport
  2. Kannur International Airport
  3. Cochin International Airport
  4. Trivandrum International Airport

Sea Ports in Kerala

  1. Cochin Port (Called the “Queen of the Arabian Sea”)

Traditional Dances in Kerala

  1. Kathakali
  2. Mohiniyattam
  3. Thirvathirakali
  4. Kolkali
  5. Ottamthullal
  6. Koodiyattam
  7. Chakyar Koothu
  8. Oppana
  9. Margamkali
  10. Theyyam

Art and Crafts of Kerala

  1. Woodcrafts
  2. Coir and Coconut Shell Crafts
  3. Brass and Bronze Artifacts
  4. Kaithari Cotton Works

Regional Festivals Kerala

  1. Kerala Boat Festival
  2. Theyyam Festival
  3. Onam
  4. Temple Festivals
  5. Vishu
  6. Attukal Pongala
  7. Christmas
  8. Maha Shivarathri
  9. Makaravilakku
  10. Thiruvathira
  11. The Arattu Of Lord Padmanabhan
  12. Ambalapuzha Arattu

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