Facts and Interesting Points About Madhya Pradesh

Interesting Points About Madhya Pradesh

  • Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in India after Rajasthan.
  • After Independence, Nagpur was the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956, Madhya Pradesh was reconstituted and Bhopal was made the new capital city.
  • The UNESCO site of ‘Khajuraho Group of Monuments’ is famous for its Nagara-Style architecture and sculptures of Nayikas and Deities especially the sensuous erotic sculptures engravings on the exterior walls. Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is the largest of all the temples in Khajuraho, it dates back to the 10th century.
  • Madhya Pradesh is the birthplace of famous and notable people like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Tatya Tope, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Rani Avanti Bai, B.R. Ambedkar, Kailash Satyarthi, Satendra Singh Lohiya, Raghuram Rajan, Shankar Dayal Sharma, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Madhavrao Scindia, Sharad Yadav, Jaya Bachchan, Sumitra Mahajan, Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Prithviraj Chavan, Uma Bharti, Digvijaya Singh, Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Arjun Rampal, Ashutosh Rana, Lata Mangeshkar, Salman Khan, Rahul Dravid, etc.
  • Madhya Pradesh is rich in mineral resources. The state has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India.
  • As per the Hindu Mythological belief, Lord Krishna, his brother Balrama and their friend Sudama received their education at Guru Sandipani Ashram in Ujjain.
  • The literacy rate in the state is about 70.6%, which is lower than the national average of 74.04%.
  • Ram Raja Temple in Orchha is the only temple in India where Ram is worshipped as a king and not as a god.
  • Almost 30,000 years old Stone age rock paintings are found on the Bhimbteka rock shelters. These are touted to be the oldest known rock art in the Indian sub-continent.
  • Bandar Kodini at Bhedaghat is a scenic beauty of nature by the 8 km long gorge formed through soft marble rocks carved by the flow of river Narmada. The name was given Bandar Kodini as two sides come so close that monkeys can jump across the gorge.
  • The author of the famous children’s novel “Jungle Book” Rudyard Kipling was drawing inspired by the forests of Pench Tiger Reserve and Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Surprisingly, all the rivers in Madhya Pradesh that drain into the Ganges flow from south to north.
  • The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India. The Stupa was commissioned in the 3rd century BCE by the Mauryan Emperor ‘Ashoka’.
  • The historic city of Gwalior is famous for its ancient monuments, forts and museums. Patankar Bazaar is popular for handicrafts, artificial jewellery, painted wall hangings, dolls, etc.

More Informations About Madhya Pradesh

General Details About Madhya Pradesh

Formation 1 November 1956
Capital Bhopal
Governor Mangubhai C. Patel
Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Chief Justice Justice Ravi Malimath
Districts 52
Area (km2) 308,245
Lok Sabha Seats 29
Rajya Sabha Seats 11
State Legislative Assembly Seats 231
Languages Hindi, Malvi, Bundeli, Bagheli, Nimadi, Bhili, Marathi, Gondi, Bareli, Urdu, Bhilali

State Symbols of Madhya Pradesh

State Animal Barasingha
State Bird Indian Paradise Flycatcher
State Tree Banyan Tree
State Flower Palash

Demography of Madhya Pradesh

Population (2011 Census) 72,626,809
Population Density (per km2) 240
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 931
Literacy Rate (%) 70.6
Per Capita Income (₹) 103,288

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Kanha National Park
  2. Bandhavgarh National Park
  3. Madhav National Park
  4. Sanjay National Park
  5. Van Vihar National Park
  6. Panna National Park
  7. Satpura National Park
  8. Pench National Park
  9. Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
  10. Bori Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Bagdara Sanctuary
  12. Phen Sanctuary
  13. Ghatigaon Sanctuary
  14. Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary
  15. Karera Sanctuary
  16. Ken Ghariyal Sanctuary
  17. Kheoni Sanctuary
  18. Narsingharh Sanctuary
  19. National Chambal Sanctuary
  20. Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary
  21. Pachmarhi Sanctuary
  22. Panpatha Sanctuary
  23. Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary
  24. Ratapani Sanctuary
  25. Snajay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary
  26. Singhori Sanctuary
  27. Son Ghariyal Sanctuary
  28. Sardarpur Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Betwa
  2. Chambal
  3. Sone
  4. Shipra
  5. Kewai
  6. Tipan
  7. Johilla
  8. Mahanadi
  9. Tapti
  10. Mahi

Important Mountains in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Dhupgarh (1352m)
  2. Titangga Pahar
  3. Richhkhoh Pahar
  4. Mahadeo
  5. Kala Pahar
  6. Chauragarh
  7. Andhyaribaoli Pahar
  8. Purogarh

Agriculture in Madhya Pradesh

Major Crops Rice, Wheat, Sorghum, Gram, Soyabean, Maize, Pulses, peanuts, Mustered, etc.
Cash Crops Cotton, Sugarcane, etc.
Vegetables Green Peas, Potatoes, Onion, Tomato, Coriander, Chille, Garlic, etc.
Fruits Guava, Mango, Banana, Orange, etc.

Mineral Deposits in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Coal
  2. Limestone
  3. Copper
  4. Manganese
  5. Bauxite
  6. Dolomite
  7. Fireclay
  8. Ochre
  9. Diamond
  10. Slate
  11. Marble
  12. Quartz
  13. Molybdenum
  14. Uranium

Industries in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Pharmaceutical, Herbal and Chemical based Industries
  2. automobiles & Vehicle Industry
  3. Cement Factory
  4. Agriculture Equipment Manufacturing
  5. Textile
  6. Food processing
  7. Beverage and Soft Drink based Industries

Airports in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport
  2. Raja Bhoj Airport
  3. Gwalior Airport
  4. Jabalpur Airport
  5. Khandwa Airport
  6. Satna Airport

Traditional Dances in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Jawara
  2. Matki
  3. Aada
  4. Khada Nach
  5. Phulpati
  6. Yadav Dance(Baredi)
  7. Grida Dance
  8. Selalarki
  9. Ahiri Dance
  10. Selabhadoni
  11. Maanch
  12. Tertali
  13. Karma

Art and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

  1. Metal Craft
  2. Batto Bai Dolls
  3. Durries
  4. Terracotta
  5. Bagh Prints
  6. Chanderi
  7. Zari Work
  8. Leather
  9. Maheshwari
  10. carpet weaving

Regional Festivals Madhya Pradesh

  1. Lokrang Festival
  2. Khajuraho Festival
  3. Bhagoria Haat Festival
  4. Ujjain Kumbh Mela
  5. Malwa Utsav
  6. Nagaji Fair
  7. Chethiyagiri Vihara Festival
  8. Rashtriya Ramleela Mela (Gwalior)
  9. Tansen Samaroh
  10. Pachmarhi Utsav

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