Facts and Interesting Points About Maharashtra

Interesting Points About Maharashtra

  • Maharashtra is the second most populous and the third largest state in India.
  • Maharashtra has two capitals. Mumbai is the summer capital and Nagpur is the winter capital. Mumbai is also considered the Financial and Commercial Capital of India.
  • Maharashtra shares border with Gujarat to the North-West, Madhya Pradesh to the North, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the South-East, Karnataka to the South and the Arabian Sea to the West.
  • Maharashtra has India’s largest highway network, with 18 national highways and the largest well-planned roadway network of 247,652 km.
  • Lasalgaon onion market in Nashik district of Maharashtra is the largest onion market in the world.
  • Nashik is called the wine capital of India.
  • Mumbai is called “the Hollywood” of India.
  • The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Railway Station in Mumbai is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its historic values. This is the only railway station in the country which has been included in UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Terminus was initially named Victoria Terminus and was built in the year 1897 by Architect Frederick William Stevens.
  • India’s first Bullet Train is to be run between Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
  • India’s longest Sea Link Bridge “Mumbai Trans Harbour Link”, also known as the “Sewri-Nhava Sheva Trans Harbour Link” will connect a total of 21.8-kilometre distance from South Mumbai to the satellite city of Navi Mumbai and Raigad.
  • The Maratha Navy was the first naval force in India. The Concept of Navy was formed by Maratha emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in order to fight against western powers. Shivaji Maharaj is considered the ‘Father of the Indian Navy.
  • Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation of Mumbai is the Richest Municipal Corporation in Asia.
  • Navapur railway station is located on the Gujarat–Maharashtra state border in Navapur town of Nandurbar district, Maharashtra. In this unique railway station, the state border cuts right through this station.
  • In Setpal village of Solapur district, Maharastra, Cobra snakes live with the humans. Till now, no case of a cobra bite in that village.
  • The first train in Asia was run in Maharashtra between Mumbai and Thane on 16th April 1853.
  • Jalgaon district in north Maharashtra contributes more than 16% of banana production in India. It is known as the “Banana City of India”.
  • Nagpur is known as ‘The Orange City’.
  • The houses in Shani Shingnapur at Nevasa taluka have no doors. People believe that whoever tries to steal anything will face the wrath of Lord Shani.
  • India’s entire forex reserve gold assets are kept in the Reserve Bank of India at Nagpur.
  • Navi Mumbai is the largest planned city in the world. Its development was started in 1972 to decongest Mumbai.
  • The slum at Dharavi is the second-largest slum in Asia. It is one of the most densely populated areas on earth.
  • The state has 4 out of 12 famous Jyotirling of Lord Shiva. These are Trambakeshwar at Nashik, Nageshwar at Aundh, Grishneshwar at Verul, Daulatabad and Bhimashankar near Pune.
  • Lonarlake is an impact crater lake situated in the Buldhana district of Maharashtra. The crater was created by a meteorite collision. The lake water has a strong alkali side of neutrality having ph 9.5 – 10.5.

More Informations About Maharashtra

General Details About Maharashtra

Formation 1 May 1960
Capital Mumbai (Summer)
Nagpur (Winter)
Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari
Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray
Chief Justice Justice Dipankar Datta
Districts 36
Area (km2) 307,713
Lok Sabha Seats 48
Rajya Sabha Seats 19
State Legislative Assembly Seats 289
State Legislative Council Seats 78
Languages Marathi, Hindi, English

State Symbols of Maharashtra

State Animal Indian Giant Squirrel
State Bird Yellow-Footed Green Pigeon
State Tree Mango Tree
State Flower Jarul

Demography of Maharashtra

Population (2011 Census) 112,374,333
Population Density (per km2) 370
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 929
Literacy Rate (%) 84.8
Per Capita Income (₹) 193,121

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Maharashtra

  1. Kalsubai Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Mansingdeo Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Karnala Bird Sanctuary
  5. Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Bhigwan Bird Sanctuary
  8. Malvan Marine Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Andheri Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Lonar Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Narnala Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Katepurna Wildlife Sanctuary
  15. Chandoli National Park
  16. Amba Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary
  17. Dnyanganga Wildlife Sanctuary
  18. Great Indian Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary
  19. Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
  20. Bhamragarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  21. Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary
  22. Rehekuri Blackbuck Sanctuary
  23. Dhaknakolkaz Wildlife Sanctuary
  24. Aner Dam Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Maharashtra

  1. Godavari River
  2. Krishna River
  3. Tapti River
  4. Purna River
  5. Wardha River
  6. Wainganga River

Important Mountains in Maharashtra

  1. Kalsubai (1,646m)
  2. Salher
  3. Raigad
  4. Ratangad
  5. Wilson Point
  6. Sinhagad
  7. Ghanchakkar
  8. Brahmagiri
  9. Harishchandragad
  10. Gawaldev
  11. Purandar
  12. Mangi-Tungi
  13. Anjaneri
  14. Pratapgad
  15. Rajgad

Agriculture in Maharashtra

Major Crops Wheat, Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Pulses, Linseed, Soya Bean, chickpea, Groundnut etc.
Cash Crops Groundnut, Cotton, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Tobacco. etc.
Vegetables Curliflower, Cabbage, Cluster Bean, Cucumber, Spinah, Okra, Onion, pea, Eggplant, Potato, Tomato, Chillies, etc.
Fruits Mangoes, Grapes, Bananas, Oranges, Jamun, Chiku, Pomegranate, Guava, Sapota, Cashew Nut etc.

Mineral Deposits in Maharashtra

  1. Feldspar
  2. Manganese Ore
  3. Baryte
  4. Tungstone Ore
  5. Bauxite
  6. Dolomite
  7. Silica sand
  8. Clay
  9. Graphite
  10. Soapstone
  11. Chromite
  12. Semiprecious Stones
  13. Limestone
  14. Quartz
  15. Pyrophyllite
  16. Fluorite
  17. Coal
  18. Copper Ore
  19. Zinc Ore
  20. Iron Ore
  21. Vanadium Ore

Industries in Maharashtra

  1. Pharmaceuticals
  2. Petrochemicals
  3. Chemicals
  4. Electronics
  5. Automobiles
  6. Engineering
  7. Food processing
  8. Plastics
  9. Textile

Airports in Maharashtra

  1. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (Mumbai)
  2. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport (Nagpur)
  3. Pune Airport
  4. Akola Airport
  5. Aurangabad Airport
  6. Jalgaon Airport
  7. Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj Airport (Kolhapur)
  8. Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport (Nanded)
  9. Nashik Airport
  10. Solapur Airport
  11. Yavatmal Airport

Sea Ports in Maharashtra

  1. Ratnagiri Port
  2. Nehru Port (Navi Mumbai)
  3. Mumbai Port Trust (Mumbai)

Traditional Dances in Maharashtra

  1. Lavani
  2. DhangariGaja
  3. Lezim
  4. Koli
  5. Gondhal
  6. Tamasha dance
  7. Nakata
  8. Gafa
  9. Pavri
  10. Dindi
  11. Kala

Art and Crafts of Maharashtra

  1. Warli Painting
  2. Bidriware
  3. Brass Musical Instruments
  4. Wooden Toys
  5. Kolhapuri Leather Footwear
  6. Bamboo Work
  7. Dhurrie Weaving
  8. Banjara Embroidery
  9. Sawantwadi Craft
  10. Himroo Fabric
  11. Silverware
  12. Ganjifa Cards
  13. Paithani Saree

Regional Festivals Maharashtra

  1. Ganesh Chaturthi
  2. Janmashtami
  3. Gudi Padwa
  4. Makar Sankranti
  5. Nashik Kumbh Mela
  6. Shivaji Jayanti
  7. Ellora Festival
  8. Kala Ghoda Arts Festival
  9. Nag Panchami
  10. Mangala Gauri
  11. Pola

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