Facts and Interesting Points About Meghalaya

Interesting Points About Meghalaya

  • Meghalaya literary means “Abode of Clouds”. is a state in northeastern India. Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972.
  • Initially, it was a part of Assam. It was formed by the merger of the districts of Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills in 1972.
  • Meghalaya is bordered by Assam in the north and Bangladesh in the south.
  • The official language of Meghalaya is English.
  • Shillong is a hill station well-known for its landscapes. The city is called the “Scotland of the East”.
  • The state is full of mountains. Shillong peak is the highest peak in the state. The Peak has an altitude of 1,965m.
  • Nohkalikai Falls located near Cherrapunji is the highest plunge type waterfall in India.
  • The village “Mawsynram” near Cherrapunji holds the record for receiving the highest rainfall in the world.
  • Mawlynnong village located in the East Khasi Hills district is the cleanest village in India.
  • Christianity is the chief religion of Meghalaya. About 70 % of the population of the state is Christians.
  • Meghalaya is the only Indian state that traditionally follows a matrilineal system in which the lineage and inheritance are traced through the maternal instead of the paternal side.

More Informations About Meghalaya

General Details About Meghalaya

Formation 21 January 1972
Capital Shillong
Governor Satya Pal Malik
Chief Minister Conrad Sangma
Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee
Districts 12
Area (km2) 22,429
Lok Sabha Seats 2
Rajya Sabha Seats 1
Languages English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo

State Symbols of Meghalaya

State Animal Clouded leopard
State Bird Hill myna
State Tree Gamhar
State Flower Lady’s Slipper Orchid

Demography of Meghalaya

Population (2011 Census) 2,964,007
Population Density (per km2) 130
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 989
Literacy Rate (%) 75.84
Per Capita Income (₹) 100,872

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Meghalaya

  1. Nokrek National Park
  2. Balpakram National Park
  3. Nongkhyllem Wildlife sanctuary
  4. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve
  5. Siju Bird Sanctuary
  6. Baghmara Reserve Forest
  7. Garo Hills Elephant Reserve

Major Rivers in Meghalaya

  1. Someswari (Biggest and second-largest river in Meghalaya)
  2. Digaru
  3. Jinjiram
  4. Umiam
  5. Kalu
  6. Myntdu
  7. Simsang
  8. Umngot

Important Mountains in Meghalaya

  1. Shillong Peak (1971m)
  2. Nokrek Peak
  3. Sohpetbneng Peak
  4. Rableng Hill
  5. Symper Peak
  6. Mawryngkneng
  7. Tharauyang

Agriculture in Meghalaya

Major Crops Rice and Maize
Cash Crops Cotton, Jute and Mesta
Vegetables Cucumber, Pumpkins, Bitter Gourd, Beans and Brinjal
Fruits Orange, Lemon, Pineapple, Guava, Litchi, Banana, Jack Fruits, Plum, Pear and Peach
Spices Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Arecanut, Tezpata and Betelvine

Mineral Deposits in Meghalaya

  1. Coal
  2. Limestone
  3. Kaolin feldspar
  4. Clay
  5. Granite
  6. Glass-sand
  7. Uranium

Airports in Meghalaya

  1. Shillong Airport
  2. Shella Airport
  3. Baljek Airport

Traditional Dances in Meghalaya

  1. Behdiengkhlam
  2. Shad sukmysiem
  3. Shad Suk Mynsiem
  4. Shad nоngkrem
  5. Wangala dance
  6. Nоngkrem Dance
  7. Derоgata
  8. Dо Dru Sua
  9. Lahоo Dance

Art and Crafts of Meghalaya

  1. Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts
  2. Handweaven Textiles and Carpets
  3. Woodcraving
  4. Metal Works

Regional Festivals Meghalaya

  1. Nongkrem Festival
  2. Shad Sukra
  3. Wangala Festival
  4. Strawberry Festival
  5. Behdeinkhlam Festival
  6. Shad Suk Mynsiem

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