Facts and Interesting Points About Mizoram

Interesting Points About Mizoram

  • The name Mizoram is derived from two Mizo words- Mizo and ram. ‘Mizo’ is the name used for the native inhabitants and ‘Ram’ means ‘land’.
  • Mizoram is bordered by Bangladesh to the West, Myanmar to the South and East, Assam to the North, Manipur to the North-East and Tripura to the North-West.
  • The name of Mizoram was previously Mizo Hills. The Mizo Hills became a part of British India in 1895. During British rule, Mizoram was a part of Assam province. It was known as Lushai Hills district and had its district headquarters at Aizawl. The state had been declared “excluded area”or “backward tract” till India got its independence.
  • In 1971, the central government convertd the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory. The name of the UT became Mizoram in 1972. Mizoram was declared a full-fledged state in 1987.
  • Prior to British occupation, head-hunting was very prevalent in the erst wghile Mizo Hills region. They cutt off the heads of the enemy and displayed the head at the entrances to the village. Terrible fight between two adjescent villages that took the lives of many warriors were very common. Lamsial Puk Cave near Farkawn village in Aizawl district of Mizoram still has some remains of the skeletons of some warriors.
  • The tribal clans of Mizo Hills were lived in autonomous villages ruled tribal chiefs. The the rule and territorial rights of local chiefs were abolished under the Acquisition of Chief’s Rights Act, 1954.
  • The tribal peoples living in the Mizo Hills are called Kukis. They are the earliest known residents of Mizoram.
  • Mizoram suffered major famine called Mautam in 1959 because of large population of rats. An estimated two million rats were killed and collected against a bounty of 40 paisa on each rat.
  • The state has a literacy rate of 91.58%. Which leads far more than the national average of 77.70%. Mizoram stands at 2nd and just behind Kerala in the literacy rates of the states.
  • Fireworks are banned in mizoram since 2009.
  • The family of Ziona Chana believed to be the largest family in the world. He has 39 wives, 89 children and 36 grandchildren.
  • Mizoram is the second least populous state of India after Sikkim.
  • Tropic of cancer runs through Mizoram nearly at middle. Aizawl-Lunglei road is the exact location where the Tropic of Cancer passes.

More Informations About Mizoram

General Details About Mizoram

Became UT 21 January 1972
Statehood 20 February 1987
Capital Aizawl
Governor  Kambhampati Hari Babu
Chief Minister Zoramthanga
Districts 11
Area (km2) 21,081
Lok Sabha Seats 1
Rajya Sabha Seats 1
Languages Mizo and English

State Symbols of Mizoram

State Animal Himalayan serow
State Bird Mrs. Hume’s pheasant
State Tree Indian rose chestnut
State Flower Red Vanda

Demography of Mizoram

Population (2011 Census) 1,091,014
Population Density (per km2) 52
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 976
Literacy Rate (%) 91.58
Per Capita Income (₹) 76,210

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Mizoram

  1. Dampa Tiger Reserve
  2. Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Phawngpui National Park
  5. Murlen National Park
  6. Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Tokalo Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Pualreng Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Mizoram

  1. Tlawng River
  2. Khawthlangtuipui
  3. Chhimtuipui
  4. Tuichang
  5. Tuivawl
  6. Teirei
  7. Mat
  8. Tuipui
  9. Tuichawng
  10. Tuirial
  11. Tuirini
  12. Serlui
  13. Tiau

Important Mountains in Mizoram

  1. Blue Mountain (2157m)
  2. Lungreng Tlang
  3. Rang Tlang
  4. Thega Thūm
  5. Khan Tlāng
  6. Dīltang
  7. Chiahpui
  8. Vapar Tlāng
  9. Nauzuarzo Tlāng
  10. Teen Matha

Agriculture in Mizoram

Major Crops Rice and Maize
Cash Crops Sugarcane, Tapioca, Ginger and Cotton
Vegetables Pumpkins, Wax Gourd, Cucumber, Sweet Gourd, Okra, Spine gourd, Radish, Snake Gourd, Chilli, Bitter Gourd, Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower,   Brinjal, Tomato and Capsicum
Fruits Orange, Lemon, Kagzi Lime, Passion fruits, Hatkora, Jamir, anana, Mango, Strawberry, Grape, Pineapple and Papaya

Mineral Deposits in Mizoram

  1. Cobalt
  2. Iron ore
  3. Limestone
  4. Copper Ore
  5. Chromite
  6. Dunite

Airports in Mizoram

  1. Lengpui Airport (Aizawl)

Traditional Dances in Mizoram

  1. Chai Lamthai
  2. Cheraw Dance
  3. Zangtalam Dance
  4. Tlanglam Dance
  5. Sarlamkai Dance
  6. Khuallam Dance
  7. Chheihlam Dance
  8. Sawlakin Dance

Art and Crafts of Mizoram

  1. Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts

Regional Festivals Mizoram

  1. Christmas
  2. Chapar Kut
  3. Mim Kut
  4. Chapar Kut
  5. Thalfavang Kut:

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