Facts and Interesting Points About Uttarakhand

Interesting Points About Uttarakhand

  • Uttarakhand is also known as Uttaranchal as it is situated in the Northern part of the country. The early name of the state was in fact Uttaranchal but in 2007, the state was renamed Uttarakhand. The state is also known as Devbhoomi as various Hindu religious dites are present in the state.
  • Uttrakhand shares border with Uttar Pradesh in the South, Haryana in the West, and Himachal Pradesh in the North West. The state also shares an international border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north direction and Nepal in the East.
  • The 13 districts of Uttarakhand are grouped into two divisions- Kumaon and Garhwal.
  • About 86% of the total land of the state is covered by mountains.
  • Nanda Devi is the highest peak in Uttarakhand. It has a height of 7816 m. It is also the second-highest peak in India after Kangchenjunga.
  • Sanskrit is one of the official languages of Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand is the only state to have Sanskrit as the second official language of the state.
  • Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand is India’s first national park. It was established in 1936 for the protection of the Royal Bengal Tigers.
  • Rishikesh in Uttarakhand is Dubbed the Yoga Capital of the world.
  • Bharat Mata Mandir at Haridwar is another tourist attraction of Uttarakhand. It is an eight-floor temple. Each floor of the temple is dedicated to different sets of people.
  • Tehri Dam is located in Chokhala, Uttarakhand. The height of the dam is 260.5m making it the tallest dam in India.
  • Gangotri of Devprayag and Yamunotri are the origins of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers respectively. Both the places are located in Uttarakhand state.
  • The famous “Chipko Movement” to conserve forests started in Uttarakhand in the 1990s. Sundarlal Bahuguna who was the exponent of this Movement was hailed from this state.
  • Hill stations like Mussoorie, Nainital, Almora, and Dehradun are situated in Uttarakhand.
  • Naini Lake of Nainital, Uttarakhand is one of the Shaktipeethas in India.
  • Kedarnath temple in Uttarakhand is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva.
  • Badrinath Dham is one of the Char Dhams of the Hindu religion situated in Uttarakhand.
  • G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology of Uttarakhand is the first Agricultural University of India and was established in 1960.

More Informations About Uttarakhand

General Details About Uttarakhand

Formation 09 November 2000

Gairsain (Summer)

Dehradun (Winter)

Governor Gurmit Singh
Chief Minister  Pushkar Singh Dhami
Chief Justice Sanjaya Kumar Mishra
Districts 13
Area (km2) 53,483
Lok Sabha Seats 5
Rajya Sabha Seats 3
State Legislative Assembly Seats 70
Languages Hindi, Sanskrit

State Symbols of Uttarakhand

State Animal Himalayan Musk Deer
State Bird Himalayan Monal
State Tree Burans
State Flower Brahm Kamal

Demography of Uttarakhand

Population (2011 Census) 10,086,292
Population Density (per km2) 189
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 963
Literacy Rate (%) 87.6
Per Capita Income (₹) 220,275

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Uttarakhand

  1. Corbett National Park
  2. Rajaji National Park
  3. Nanda Devi National Park
  4. Govind National Park
  5. Gangotri National Park
  6. Valley of Flowers National Park
  7. Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Mussoorie Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Govind Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Askot Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Uttarakhand

  1. Ganga
  2. Yamuna
  3. Ramganga
  4. Kali

Important Mountains in Uttarakhand

  1. Nanda Devi(7816 m)
  2. Kamet
  3. Hathi Parbat
  4. Trisul
  5. Panchchuli
  6. Chaukhamba
  7. Nanda Kot
  8. Kedarnath Main
  9. Dunagiri
  10. Hardeol

Agriculture in Uttarakhand

Major Crops Rice, Basmati Rice, Wheat, Arley, Jowar, Soybeans, Oilseed, Sugarcane, Urd, Moong, Peas, Toor, Rajma, Mandua, Mustard, 
Cash Crops Coffee, Cocoa, Tea, Sugarcane, Cotton
Vegetables Potato, Tomato, Green Pea, Cauliflower, Capsicum
Fruits Walnut, Mango, Litchi, Guava, Apricot

Mineral Deposits in Uttarakhand

  1. Limestone
  2. Rock phosphate
  3. Dolomite
  4. Magnesite
  5. Copper
  6. Graphite
  7. Soapstone
  8. Gypsum

Airports in Uttarakhand

  1. Jolly Grant Airport (Dehradun)
  2. Pantnagar Airport
  3. Naini Saini Airport (Pithoragarh)

Traditional Dances in Uttarakhand

  1. Jhora Chanchri
  2. Chhopati
  3. Langvir Dance
  4. Shotiya Tribal Folk Dances
  5. Barada Nati
  6. Cholia Dance
  7. Chounphula and Jhumeila
  8. Pandav Nritya
  9. Mukhota Dance
  10. Bhotia Dance
  11. Mangal
  12. Jhora Dance

Art and Crafts of Uttarakhand

  1. Garhwal and Kumaon Woodcarving
  2. Aipan (Rangoli)
  3. Garhwal Painting
  4. Murals
  5. Pahari Painting

Regional Festivals Uttarakhand

  1. Devidhura Mela
  2. Basant Panchami
  3. Purnagiri Mela
  4. Kumbh Mela/ardh Kumbha Mela
  5. Gauchar Mela
  6. Uttariani Mela
  7. Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra
  8. Harela

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