Facts and Interesting Points About Rajasthan

Interesting Points About Rajasthan

  • Rajasthan is the largest state in India. The state covers an area of 342,239 sq km.
  • Before independence, the name of Rajasthan was Rajputana. Rajasthan comprises a combination of 22 princely states. The state is home to forts and palaces.
  • Rajasthan is surrounded by Pakistan to the west and northwest, Punjab to the north, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, and Gujarat to the southwest. The state shares 1,048 km international border with Pakistan.
  • Jaisalmer is the largest district in Rajasthan and the third largest district in India.
  • A large portion (nearly 60%) of the Thar desert, which is also called The Great Indian Desert is located in Rajasthan. The desert area in Thar is known for the formation of shifting sand dunes due to high-velocity winds. Thar desert is the 20th-largest desert and the 9th-largest hot subtropical desert in the world.
  • Though the west portion of Rajasthan is desert and arid, there is a lush green fertile terrain present in the east of the state. This lush green area of Rajasthan is prominent for the livestock of the native people.
  • Rajasthan is the largest wool producer in India. The state alone produces nearly 33% of the total wool produced in the country.
  • Rajasthan is the second largest milk producer in India. Uttar Pradesh is the largest milk producer in India.
  • Aravalli Range is believed to be the oldest range of fold mountains in India.
  • The wall of Kumbhalgarh Fort is one of the longest continuous walls in the world. The fort is located in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan state.
  • Some major cities of Rajasthan are colour coded.
    • While talking about the Pink City Jaipur city, to welcome the British Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria, Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh passed a law in 1876 to paint houses in the city with pink colour. Jaipur is also considered the first planned city in India.
    • Likewise, the buildings in the Jodhpur are pained blue colour so, the city is popularly called Blue City.
    • In this row, Bikaner is known as Purple City, Udaipur is known as White City and Jaisalmer is known as Golden City.
  • Hawa Mahal is a famous attraction in Rajasthan. It was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the 18th century. The Mahal was made up of red and pink sandstone and has 953 windows.
  • The archaeological site Kalibangan has traces of the Indus Valley Civilization. In the excavation, remains of unique fire altars and the world’s earliest attested ploughed field are found which are contemporary to 2900 BC.
  • The ancient Mandore town has its epical importance. The town is believed to be the native place of Ravan’s wife Mandodari. A Ravan temple is located in the city.
  • The Luni river flows through the Thar Desert is known for its excessive salinity. The river originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range.
  • The only Brahma Temple is located at Pushkar in Rajasthan.
  • There is another temple named Karni Mata Temple is located at Deshnoke, in Rajasthan. The temple is famous for the approximately 25,000 rats. The rats are considered holy rats and are called “Kabbas”.
  • The white marble stones at Makrana in Rajasthan are popular for use in sculpture and building decor. Several iconic monuments such as the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata are built by this white marble.
  • India’s nuclear test site Pokhran is located in the Rajasthan state.

More Informations About Rajasthan

General Details About Rajasthan

Capital  Jaipur
Governor  Kalraj Mishra
Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot
Chief Justice Manindra Mohan Shrivastava
Districts 33
Area (km2) 342,239
Lok Sabha Seats 25
Rajya Sabha Seats 10
State Legislative Assembly Seats 200
Languages English, Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari

State Symbols of Rajasthan

State Animal Camel and Chinkara
State Bird Godawan
State Tree Khejri
State Flower Rohida

Demography of Rajasthan

Population (2011 Census) 68,548,437
Population Density (per km2) 200
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 928
Literacy Rate (%) 66.1
Per Capita Income (₹) 118,159

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Rajasthan

  1. Sariska National Park
  2. Keoladeo National Park
  3. Ranthambore National Park
  4. Desert National Park
  5. Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Keladevi Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Sita Mata Sanctuary
  10. National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Rajasthan

  1. Chambal River
  2. Berach River
  3. Mahi River
  4. Bandi River
  5. Arvari River
  6. Luni River
  7. Kali Sindh River
  8. Ghaggar-Hakra River
  9. Banas River
  10. Jawai River

Important Mountains in Rajasthan

  1. Guru Shikhar (1681m)
  2. Duba ka Magra
  3. Kan
  4. Taragarh Hill
  5. Sunda
  6. Belka
  7. Sand Mata
  8. Mer
  9. Mandori
  10. Talind

Agriculture in Rajasthan

Major Crops Barley Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Rice, Maize, Gram, Pulses, Rape, Mustard, Sugarcane, Ground Nuts
Cash Crops Cotton, Tobacco
Vegetables Okra, Brinjal, Cole Crops, Tomato, Pea, Onion, Potato, Cucurbits, Musk melon
Fruits Mango, Papaya, Kinnow, Aonla, Lime, Mosambi, Guava, Pomegranate, Orange, Ber,

Mineral Deposits in Rajasthan

  1. Zinc
  2. Rock Phosphate
  3. Silver
  4. Fire Clay
  5. Wollastonite
  6. Calcite
  7. Limestone
  8. Steatite
  9. Gypsum
  10. Feldspar
  11. Selenite
  12. Lead

Airports in Rajasthan

  1. Jaipur International Airport
  2. Kishangarh Airport (Ajmer)
  3. Nal Airport (Bikaner)
  4. Jaisalmer Airport
  5. Kolana Airport (Jhalawar)
  6. Jodhpur Airport
  7. Kota Airport
  8. Maharana Pratap Airport (Udaipur)

Traditional Dances in Rajasthan

  1. Terah Taali Dance
  2. Chari Dance
  3. Chakri Dance
  4. Drum Dance
  5. Kalbeliya Dance
  6. Kathputli Dance
  7. Bhavai Dance
  8. Gawari Dance
  9. Gair Dance
  10. Dhamal Dance
  11. Fire Dance
  12. Ghoomar Dance
  13. Kachchhi Ghodi Dance

Art and Crafts of Rajasthan

  1. Terracotta Work
  2. Stoneware and Marble Works
  3. Pottery Work (Blue Pottery)
  4. Mural Paintings
  5. Woodcrafts
  6. Thewa Glass Work
  7. Leatherware

Regional Festivals Rajasthan

  1. Pushkar Fair
  2. Teej Festival
  3. Mewar Festival
  4. Matsya Festival
  5. Bikaner International Camel Fair
  6. Gangaur Festival
  7. International Kite Festival
  8. Bundi Festival
  9. Nagaur Cattle Fair
  10. Kota Adventure Festival

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