Facts and Interesting Points About Sikkim

Interesting Points About Sikkim

  • Sikkim merged with India and became the 22nd state of India on May 16, 1975.
  • Sikkim shares border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast, Bhutan to the southeast, West Bengal to the south and Nepal to the west.
  • Sikkim has 11 official languages.
  • Sikkim was the first state to be declared completely organic. The govt. of Sikkim stopped imports of chemical fertilizers in the State in 2003.
  • Sikkim is India’s first ‘Open Defecation Free State’. The state was declared Open Defection Free on 27th May 2016.
  • Sikkim is the least populated state in India.
  • The Siddheshwar Dham located on the Solophuk hill has gigantic statues of Lord Shiva and Replicas of Jyotirlingas and Char Dham Temples.
  • Khangchendzonga National Park of Sikkim is India’s first “Mixed World Heritage Site” by UNESCO under both natural and cultural heritage lists.
  • The world’s third-largest mountain Kangchenjunga is located in the border region between the Sikkim and Nepal.
  • Buddhism is the second most followed religion in the state. The state has more than 200 monasteries.
  • Sikkim’s Gurudrongmar lake and Cho lhamu lake are also the highest lakes in India. The lakes ate situated at altitudes of 5,425 m and 6,200 m respectively.
  • Sikkim has the largest number of glaciers in India. The state has 84 glaciers.
  • Sikkim got GI tag for Dalle Khorsani chilli. It is one of the hottest and most pungent chillies in the world. The chilli has many medical properties.

More Informations About Sikkim

General Details About Sikkim

Got full Statehood 16 May 1975
Capital Gangtok
Governor Ganga Prasad
Chief Minister Prem Singh Tamang
Chief Justice Justice Biswanath Somadder
Districts 6
Area (km2) 7,096
Lok Sabha Seats 1
Rajya Sabha Seats 1
State Legislative Assembly Seats 32
Languages English, Sikkimese Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newar, Rai, Sherpa

State Symbols of Sikkim

State Animal Red Panda
State Bird Blood Pheasant
State Tree Rhododendron
State Flower Noble dendrobium

Demography of Sikkim

Population (2011 Census) 610,577
Population Density (per km2) 86
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 889
Literacy Rate (%) 82.6
Per Capita Income (₹) 2,97,765

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Sikkim

  1. Khangchendzonga National Park
  2. Barsey Rhododendron Sancruary
  3. Fambonglho Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. MaenamWildlfie Sanctuary
  5. Sling Dong Faireanum Orchid  Conservation Reserve
  6. Kitam Bird Sanctuary
  7. Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary
  8. Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary
  9. Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Sikkim

  1. Teesta river
  2. Rangeet river

Important Mountains in Sikkim

  1. Kangchenjunga(8586 m)
  2. Bao Hong Li Feng
  3. Pandim
  4. Chomo Yummo
  5. Siniolchu
  6. Khangchengyao
  7. Jongsong Peak
  8. Lamo Angdang
  9. Kirat Chuli
  10. Chombu

Agriculture in Sikkim

Major Crops Wheat, Paddy, Maize, Barley, Buck wheat, Cardamom, Finger Millet, Pea, Urd
Cash Crops Tea, Cardamom
Vegetables Potatoes, Brocolli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Iskus, Pumpkin, Onion, Tree Tomato, Carrot, Brinjal, Radish, 
Fruits Mandarin, Kiwi, Banana, Papaya, Litchi, Passion Fruit, Guava, Jack Fruit

Mineral Deposits in Sikkim

  1. Coal
  2. Copper
  3. Limestone
  4. Graphite
  5. Dolomite
  6. Garnet

Airports in Sikkim

  1. Pakyong Airport

Traditional Dances in Sikkim

  1. Lu Khangthamo Dance
  2. Limboo or Subba Folk Dance
  3. Kagyed Dance
  4. Yak Chaam Dance
  5. Chutkay Dance
  6. Denong-Neh-Nah Dance
  7. Maruni Dance
  8. Rechungma Dance
  9. Tamang Selo Dance
  10. Naumati Dance
  11. Ta-Shi-Yang-Ku Dance
  12. Chyap-Brung Dance
  13. Mask Dance
  14. Tamang Selo Dance
  15. Chu-Faat Dance

Art and Crafts of Sikkim

  1. Choktse Tables
  2. Thangka Paintings
  3. Wood Carving
  4. Woolen Carpet Weaving

Regional Festivals Sikkim

  1. Saga Dawa
  2. Lhabab Dunchen Festival
  3. Losar Festival
  4. Hee Bermiok Tourism Festival
  5. Tihaar Festival
  6. Phang Lhabsol
  7. Bumchu Festival
  8. Losoong Festival
  9. Dasain Festival

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