Facts and Interesting Points About Tamil Nadu

Interesting Points About Tamil Nadu

  • Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost part of India. It is bounded by Andhra Pradesh to the north, Karnataka to the northwest, Kerala to the west and the Indian Ocean to the south and east directions.
  • Tamil is the state language of Tamil Nadu. Tamil is considered the world’s oldest living language still in use today.
  • Ever since its formation on 26 January 1950, Tamil Nadu has been ruled by the local parties of the state. The state has never been ruled by any national party.
  • Vivekananda Rock Memorial is a monument located in Kanyakumari. It is believed that Swami Vivekananda got enlightenment in Kanyakumari. Kanyakumari is the southernmost point of India.
  • Mahabalipuram has a group of carved rock structures, that date back to the 7th and 8th centuries. Those structures include stone rathas, mandapas, and huge open-air reliefs such as the famous ‘Descent of the Ganges’ and the temple of Rivage.
  • The city Kanchipuram of Tamil Nadu is famous for Kanchipuram silk sarees. These are woven from pure mulberry silk with gold and silver zari work on it. The saree has been recognized as a Geographical indication by the Government of India in 2005–2006.
  • Tamil Nadu is the only state that faced attacks by the Germany Alliance during World War I. The city of Chennai or erstwhile Madras faced fierce attacks by the German Allies during the war.
  • The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus in Tamilnadu is the largest bus station in Asia.
  • The 3850 feet long colourful corridor in the Ramanathaswamy temple located in Rameswaram is the longest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. The Jyotirlinga at Ramanathaswamy temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas in India.
  • Tamil Nadu has India’s oldest bookshop in existence. Established in the year 1844, Higginbotham’s store in Anna Salai, Chennai is the oldest book store in India.
  • Tamil Nadu’s capital Chennai is a hub for major automobile manufacturing units and allied industries. So the city is known as the Detroit of Asia.0
  • The famous traditional medicine system, Siddha medicine originated in Tamil Nadu. At present Tamil Nadu state runs a 5.5-year course in Siddha medicine.
  • The favourite tourist destination Marina Beach is located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  • Chicken 65 was introduced in 1965 by Buhari’s hotel and hence the dish is named so.

More Informations About Tamil Nadu

General Details About Tamil Nadu

Formation 26 January 1950
Capital Chennai
Governor R. N. Ravi
Chief Minister M. K. Stalin
Chief Justice Munishwar Nath Bhandari
Districts 38
Area (km2) 130,058
Lok Sabha Seats 39
Rajya Sabha Seats 18
State Legislative Assembly Seats 234
Official Languages Tamil, English

State Symbols of Tamil Nadu

State Animal Nilgiri Tahr
State Bird Emerald dove
State Tree Palm Tree
State Flower Gloriosa lily

Demography of Tamil Nadu

Population (2011 Census) 72,147,030
Population Density (per km2)  550
Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) 996
Literacy Rate (%) 82.9
Per Capita Income (₹) 254,855

Forest & Wildlife Reserves in Tamil Nadu

  1. Guindy National Park
  2. Gulf of Mannar Marine Park
  3. Mukurthi National Park
  4. Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Pulicat Lake Birds Sanctuary
  8. Vellode Birds Sanctuary
  9. Oussudu Lake Birds Sanctuary
  10. Indira Gandhi National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary
  15. Grizzled Giant Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary
  16. Chitrangudi Birds Sanctuary
  17. Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary
  18. Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
  19. Mudumalai National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary
  20. Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary
  21. Vettangudi birds Sanctuary
  22. Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary

Major Rivers in Tamil Nadu

  1. Cauvery
  2. Palar
  3. Then Pennai
  4. Vaigai
  5. Thamirabarani

Important Mountains in Tamil Nadu

  1. Doddabetta (2637 m)
  2. Agasthyamala
  3. Kuridi Malai
  4. Minchikān Boli
  5. Parandu Malai
  6. Katri Betta
  7. Swami Gutta
  8. Kollaimalai
  9. Vellingiri
  10. Mannā Malai
  11. Sholaikaradu
  12. Jandakattimedu
  13. Mukkanuraiyan Malai
  14. Kambatirayan Peak
  15. Mahendragiri
  16. Kotta Malai
  17. Pala Malai
  18. Tem Malai

Agriculture in Tamil Nadu

Major Crops Rice, Jowar, Ragi, Millet, Maize, Pulses, Groundnut
Cash Crops Coconut, Cashew nut, Tea, Coffee, Arecanut, Cocoa, Rubber, Bamboo, Sugarcane
Vegetables Cucumber, Pumpkins, Bitter gourd, Beans, Brinjal, Tapioca, Onion, Tomato, Moringa, Ladies finger
Fruits Banana, Sapota, Jack fruit, Guava, Lemon, Mango, Water Melon, Grapes, Papaya, Amla

Mineral Deposits in Tamil Nadu

  1. Magnesite
  2. Gypsum
  3. Mica
  4. Bauxite
  5. Quartz
  6. Limestone
  7. Lignite Coal
  8. Felspar

Airports in Tamil Nadu

  1. Chennai International Airport
  2. Coimbatore International Airport
  3. Madurai Airport
  4. Salem Airport
  5. Tuticorin Airport
  6. Vellore Airport

Sea Ports in Tamil Nadu

  1. Kamarajar Port Limited (Ennore)
  2. Chennai Port (Chennai)
  3. Nagapattinam Port (Nagapattinam)
  4. V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust (Tuticorin)

Traditional Dances in Tamil Nadu

  1. Bharatnatyam
  2. Chakkai Attam
  3. Kavadi
  4. Bhagavatha Nandanam
  5. Kummi
  6. Poi Kal attam
  7. Bamber dance
  8. Kavadi Attam
  9. Kaman Pandigai
  10. Mayil Attam
  11. Kai Silambu Attam
  12. Devaraattam
  13. Kazhai Kothu
  14. Kazhi Attam
  15. Oyilattam
  16. Kolattam
  17. Karakattam

Art and Crafts of Tamil Nadu

  1. Musical Instrument (Veena) Making
  2. Kanchipuram Silk Sarees
  3. Bronze Statue
  4. Clay Pottery
  5. Korai Grass Mat
  6. Stone Carving
  7. Kolam
  8. Thanjavur Gold Painting
  9. Wood Craft

Regional Festivals Tamil Nadu

  1. Jallikattu
  2. Thaipusam
  3. Natyanjali Dance Festival
  4. Karthigai Deepam
  5. Pongal
  6. Karthigai Deepam
  7. Chitri Rai Festival
  8. Thiruvaiyaru Festival
  9. Mahamaham
  10. Tamil New Year’s Day

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