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After the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories on 31 October 2019, the Union Territory of Ladakh was created.
Ladakh is bounded by Jammu and Kashmir union territory and Pakistan to the west, China to the north and northeast and Himachal Pradesh to the south. The ut also shares a small border with Afghanistan in the northwest direction.
Dras in Ladakh is the world’s second coldest inhabited region, after Oymyakon town in Russian.
Indian Astronomical Observatory at Hanle is the second-highest optical telescope in the world and it is located in Ladakh.
Pangong Lake is located in Ladakh. The lake is located at 4350 meters from sea level. It is the world’s highest located saltwater lake. The Pangong lake freezes during winter.
The Magnetic Hill or Gravity Hill of Ladakh seems to pull everything upwards. But it was an optical illusion created by carving out the nearby slopes in such a way that the downward slope of the road looks upward.
The people of Ladakh follow the Tibetan calendar. The Tibetan calendar has all months having equal 30 days and there is an additional month in each 3rd year.
Some of the world’s highest motorable mountain passes like Umling La and Khardung La are located in Ladakh.
In Lamayuru village of Ladakh, the soil, rock and environment view looks similar to the moon’s surface. The Lunar landscape makes the place unique.
Though Ladakh is a high-altitude mountainous and arid region, still it is the home to around 225 bird species.
Rare twin-humped Bactrian camels are seen in the Nubra valley. These camels are native to the Gobi desert of Mongolia and were imported here during the silk trade time.
Hemis National Park is a high-altitude national park in Ladakh. It is the largest national park in India. The National Park is famous for its snow leopards.
Siachin Glacier is an Indian military base located in the high-altitude regions of Ladakh and it is the highest battleground in the world.
Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir shares its border with Ladakh to the east, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, Pakistan to the southwest and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) to the northwest.
The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir was formed on 31 October 2019 by the splitting of Jammu and Kashmir state into 2 Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
Jammu and Kashmir state had its own flag and a separate constitution, but with the abrogation of Article 370 by the Indian Parliament in August 2019, the separate flag and constitution system of the state was abolished.
The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has 2 capitals.
Srinagar is the summer capital of the Union Territory.
Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
Amarnath cave is located in the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir. The cave has a natural Shiva lingam made up of ice.
The famous Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine is located in Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
The eighth century AD Martand Sun Temple is located in the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
The Floating Post Office is located in Dal Lake, Srinagar is assumed to be the only post office in the world to be located on a lake. The post office is built on a houseboat.
The World famous Pashmina Shawl is made from the wools of the Himalayan Goat and is an acknowledged handicraft of Jammu and Kashmir.
The earlier name of this Union Territory was Pondicherry and it was changed to Puducherry on 20 Sept 2006.
The UT consists of four geographically isolated districts – Puducherry, Karaikal and Yanam near the Bay of Bengal and Mahe near the Arabian Sea.
Puducherry and Karaikal are surrounded by Tamil Nadu from the north, south and west directions and the Bay of Bengal in the east direction.
Yanam district is surrounded by Andhra Pradesh from the north, south and west sides and the Bay of Bengal from the eastern side.
Mahe is located on the western coast. The district is surrounded by Kerala from the north, south and east sides and the Arabian Sea from the western side.
Pondicherry was handed over to India by the French in 1954. In 1962, it was declared Union Territory.
From 1948 to 1954, Madras was the capital of Pondicherry.
Puducherry celebrates its own Independence Day on the 1st of November.
Puducherry is called ‘Paris of the South’ and ‘India’s Little France’.
The French National Day on the 14th of July is also celebrated in Puducherry.
Pondicherry has the third-largest Gandhi statue in the world. The statue is 13 feet tall and located on Promenade beach.
Opposite the statue of Mahatama Gandhi is a French War Memorial, which was built to commemorate the martyred French soldiers of World War I.
Puducherry is also known for Shri Aurobindo and his Ashram.
Matrimandir located in Auroville township of Pondicherry is a spherical structure with golden discs. This is used for practising Yoga. This is built by Mirra Alfassa, the spiritual ally of Shri Aurobindo.
In Manakula Vinayagar Temple of Lord Ganesh in Pondicherry, an elephant named Laxmi takes gifts and money from the devotees and blesses them. the UT has 70 Temples that are devoted to Lord Ganesha.
Puducherry is the birthplace of famous Hollywood director M. Night Shyamalan.
The beautiful Basilica Sacred Heart of Jesus Church of Puducherry is too huge to hold 2000 people.
Chandigarh is the capital city of both Punjab and Haryana.
The city is named after the goddess Chandi Mata of Panchkula.
Chandigarh is situated near the foothills of the Sivalik mountain ranges. The UT is surrounded by Haryana on the east and Punjab on all other sides.
Chandigarh is one of the early planned cities in independent India. Chandigarh was the dream city of the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Chandigarh is locally known as ‘the City Beautiful’.
Chandigarh is also called the Greenest City in India.
The master plan of the Chandigarh city was mapped out by the French architect Le Corbusier. There is no sector 13 in Chandigarh. Since the architect, Le Corbusier was Christian so number 13 was inauspicious as per his belief and never a part of the Chandigarh city. Le Corbusier also put one condition that there would be no statute or sculpture in any of the parks and roundabouts in the city. So till now, the roundabouts of the city are free of statues and sculptures.
The city has Roundabouts at regular intervals to ensure smooth ply of traffic on the road. Chandigarh is also known as the ‘City of Roundabouts’. The roundabouts are decorated with plants.
Chandigarh along with Panchkula of Haryana and Mohali of Punjab are jointly known as ‘Tricity’.
In 2016, the Capitol Complex of Chandigarh was listed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
The official symbol of the city is an Openhand Monument. The 26 meters high symbol implies peace and represents “to give and to offer”.
The Nek Chand’s Rock Garden in Chandigarh is completely built of waste and thrown-away items from homes and industries.
Zakir Hussain Rose Garden in Chandigarh is the largest Rose Garden in Asia. The garden spreads over 30 acres of land and contains over 16000 different species of rose.
Union Territory of Lakshadweep is located in the Arabian Sea off the Kerala coast. The Union Territory is formed by a group of a total of 39 Islands. Only 10 islands out of 39 are inhabited.
All the 39 Islands of Lakshadweep are divided into 3 Island groups – Amindivi, Laccadive and Minicoy.
Androth is the largest inhabited island of Lakshadweep. The Island has an area of 4.8 Km2.
Lakshadweep was ruled by the Chola Empire in the medieval period and then the islands are ruled by the Portuguese, Tipu Sultan and British respectively.
Before 1956, Lakshadweep was called Laccadive. It became a Union Territory in 1956 and was renamed Lakshadweep.
The earlier administrative headquarter of Lakshadweep was in Calicut. It was shifted to Kavaratti in 1964.
More than 90% of the population of Lakshadweep is Muslim. Arab Muslim Saint Hazrat Ubaidullah Andrott from Medina is believed to have preached Islam religion to the indigenous people of the islands. The Tomb of Saint Ubaidullah is a sacred place at Andrott Island in Lakshadweep.
Lakshadweep has an airport at the Agatti island and major Sea ports at Agatti, Kavaratti, Minicoy, Kadamatt and Kalpeni Islands.
INS Dweeprakshak is the Indian Naval base located on Kavaratti island in the Lakshadweep archipelago.
The National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi also known as Delhi is a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India.
NCT Delhi shares borders with Uttar Pradesh in the east and Haryana in the west and remaining sides.
New Delhi, the capital of India is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi.
Delhi was designed by the British architect Sir Herbert Baker and Edwin Lutyens. The city is also called ‘Lutyens Delhi’.
The National Capital Territory Delhi covers 1,484 square kilometres of land area.
According to the epic Mahabharata, the National Capital Territory Delhi was known as Indraprastha.
After Tokyo, Delhi is the second most populated city in the world.
Indira Gandhi International Airport is the busiest airport in South Asia.
Being the capital of the country, New Delhi is known as a seat for the three arms of the Indian Government – the legislative, the executive and the judiciary.
It is an astonishing fact that the Red Fort was initially white as the fort was made up of white limestone. The British painted it Red to preserve it.
Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world. The construction of the minaret was commenced by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi in 1200 AD, but he could only finish the basement. His successor, Iltutmush, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and the last storey.
Delhi was surrounded by 14 gates built in different timelines. Out of the 14 gates, only five still stand. These five gates are Kashmiri Gate on the north, the Ajmeri Gate on the south-west, the Delhi Gate on the south-east, Turkman Gate on the south and the Nigambodh Gate on the north-east.
The Khari Baori market near the Red Fort is the largest wholesale spice market in Asia. It is a wholesale market of groceries, spices, nuts, herbs and other food products like rice and tea. Along with this huge spice market, Azadpur mandi of Delhi is the largest wholesale market of fruits and vegetables in Asia. The market spreads around an area of 80 acres.
Lotus Temple is one of the eight Bahai temples in the entire world. This is the only Bahai Temple situated in Asia.