Facts and Interesting Points About Goa

  • Goa, otherwise known as the Beach Capital of India is the smallest state in India.
  • The state has a third land covered by forests.
  • It was ruled by Portugal for almost 450 years. It was liberated from Portuguese rule on 19th December 1961. So Goa has two independent days.
  • During the Portuguese reign, India’s first printing press and medical school were established in the state. The printing press started operation in 1956 and it was the 1st printing press in Asia.
  • Asia’s only Naval Aviation Museum is in Goa.
  • Goa has the highest per capita income in India.

Facts and Interesting Points About Chhattisgarh

  • Chhattisgarh was anciently known as Dakshina Kosala. The state shares its border with 7 states – Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in the northeast, Odisha in the east, Andhra Pradesh in the south, Telangana in the southwest, Maharashtra in the west, and Madhya Pradesh in the northwest.
  • Chhattisgarh is home to several tribes with the Gonds of Bastar being the most prominent among them. More than 50% of the state population consists of tribal people.
  • To provide medical services and transport the emergency patients of remote villages of the state to hospitals, Chhattisgarh became the first in the country to effectively implement Motorcycle-ambulances in its state.
  • As the state is one of the major exporters of rice, The same term “Rice Bowl of India” is also used for Chhattisgarh State along with Andhra Pradesh.
  • Chhattisgarh State became the first state in India to have a Dedicated University of Dance and Music. The name of the university is Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya which is located in Khairagarh of the state.
  • The state produces 15% of the total steel produced in India.
  • The 75-day-long festival of goddess Danteswari Mata popularly known as Bastar Dussehra is Celebrated by the local people of the state. It is the longest festival in the world
  • Chhattisgarh is famous for Kosa silk. The silk is well known for its soft texture.
  • Jal-Jali is a popular travel destination where the ground vibrates. When travellers walk or jump on the ground, it creates an earthquake feeling.
  • Chitrakot Waterfalls in Chhattisgarh is Known as Niagara Falls of India.
  • Bhoramdeo Temple is popularly called the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh.

Facts and Interesting Points About Bihar

  • The word Bihar is derived from the ancient Sanskrit and Pali word ‘Vihara’ which means Abode.
  • The land is the birthplace of Lord Mahavir and Guru Gobind Singh (Tenth Guru of Sikh). Lord Buddha delivered most of his sermons in this state. The first Buddhist council was organized by king Ajathasatru and was presided over by Mahakasyapa at Rajgir, Bihar.
  • Mundeswari Devi temple of Bihar is considered the oldest functional Hindu temple in the country.
  • The famous Nalanda University of Bihar is said to be the oldest university of the world.
  • The erstwhile city of Vaishali is considered to be the first republic in the world. This city is now an independent district of Bihar

Facts and Interesting Points About Assam

  • Assam is considered the largest tea-producing state in the whole world.
  • The world’s largest river island Majuli is located in the state. It has become the first river island district in 2016.
  • Digboi of Assam is the oldest oil refinery in Asia and here the first oil well was drilled.
  • Sualkuchi town of Assam is the biggest weaving village in the world.

Facts and Interesting Points About Arunachal Pradesh

  • Situated at the extreme northeast of India and the largest among the seven sister states of North East India, Arunachal Pradesh shared borders with Assam and Nagaland States.
  • The state also shared land border with Myanmar, Bhutan and China. The international border between Arunachal Pradesh and China is known as the McMohan line.
  • It was earlier named after North-East Frontier Agency.
  • The state has a forest cover of more than 80%.
  • India’s longest river bridge Dhola-Sadiya (Bhupen- Hazarika Setu) over the Lohit River is a connecting link between Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
  • English is the only official language of this state.

Facts and Interesting Points About Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh is situated in the south-eastern coastal region of India.
  • It covers an area of 162,975 km2 which makes it the seventh-largest state in India.
  • The state is bordered by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east.
  • The world-famous Koh-i-Nur diamond was possibly mined from the Kollar mine situated in this state.
  • As a major producer of rice in the country, it is also known as the “Rice bowl of India”.

Facts and Interesting Points About Ladakh

  • After the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories on 31 October 2019, the Union Territory of Ladakh was created.
  • Ladakh is bounded by Jammu and Kashmir union territory and Pakistan to the west, China to the north and northeast and Himachal Pradesh to the south. The ut also shares a small border with Afghanistan in the northwest direction.
  • Dras in Ladakh is the world’s second coldest inhabited region, after Oymyakon town in Russian.
  • Indian Astronomical Observatory at Hanle is the second-highest optical telescope in the world and it is located in Ladakh.
  • Pangong Lake is located in Ladakh. The lake is located at 4350 meters from sea level. It is the world’s highest located saltwater lake. The Pangong lake freezes during winter.
  • The Magnetic Hill or Gravity Hill of Ladakh seems to pull everything upwards. But it was an optical illusion created by carving out the nearby slopes in such a way that the downward slope of the road looks upward.
  • The people of Ladakh follow the Tibetan calendar. The Tibetan calendar has all months having equal 30 days and there is an additional month in each 3rd year.
  • Some of the world’s highest motorable mountain passes like Umling La and Khardung La are located in Ladakh.
  • In Lamayuru village of Ladakh, the soil, rock and environment view looks similar to the moon’s surface. The Lunar landscape makes the place unique.
  • Though Ladakh is a high-altitude mountainous and arid region, still it is the home to around 225 bird species.
  • Rare twin-humped Bactrian camels are seen in the Nubra valley. These camels are native to the Gobi desert of Mongolia and were imported here during the silk trade time.
  • Hemis National Park is a high-altitude national park in Ladakh. It is the largest national park in India. The National Park is famous for its snow leopards.
  • Siachin Glacier is an Indian military base located in the high-altitude regions of Ladakh and it is the highest battleground in the world.

Facts and Interesting Points About Jammu and Kashmir

  • Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir shares its border with Ladakh to the east, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, Pakistan to the southwest and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) to the northwest.
  • The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir was formed on 31 October 2019 by the splitting of Jammu and Kashmir state into 2 Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
  • Jammu and Kashmir state had its own flag and a separate constitution, but with the abrogation of Article 370 by the Indian Parliament in August 2019, the separate flag and constitution system of the state was abolished.
  • The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has 2 capitals.
    • Srinagar is the summer capital of the Union Territory.
    • Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Amarnath cave is located in the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir. The cave has a natural Shiva lingam made up of ice.
  • The famous Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine is located in Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
  • The eighth century AD Martand Sun Temple is located in the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory.
  • The Floating Post Office is located in Dal Lake, Srinagar is assumed to be the only post office in the world to be located on a lake. The post office is built on a houseboat.
  • The World famous Pashmina Shawl is made from the wools of the Himalayan Goat and is an acknowledged handicraft of Jammu and Kashmir.

Facts and Interesting Points About Puducherry

  • The earlier name of this Union Territory was Pondicherry and it was changed to Puducherry on 20 Sept 2006.
  • The UT consists of four geographically isolated districts – Puducherry, Karaikal and Yanam near the Bay of Bengal and Mahe near the Arabian Sea.
  • Puducherry and Karaikal are surrounded by Tamil Nadu from the north, south and west directions and the Bay of Bengal in the east direction.
  • Yanam district is surrounded by Andhra Pradesh from the north, south and west sides and the Bay of Bengal from the eastern side.
  • Mahe is located on the western coast. The district is surrounded by Kerala from the north, south and east sides and the Arabian Sea from the western side.
  • Pondicherry was handed over to India by the French in 1954. In 1962, it was declared Union Territory.
  • From 1948 to 1954, Madras was the capital of Pondicherry.
  • Puducherry celebrates its own Independence Day on the 1st of November.
  • Puducherry is called ‘Paris of the South’ and ‘India’s Little France’.
  • The French National Day on the 14th of July is also celebrated in Puducherry.
  • Pondicherry has the third-largest Gandhi statue in the world. The statue is 13 feet tall and located on Promenade beach.
  • Opposite the statue of Mahatama Gandhi is a French War Memorial, which was built to commemorate the martyred French soldiers of World War I.
  • Puducherry is also known for Shri Aurobindo and his Ashram.
  • Matrimandir located in Auroville township of Pondicherry is a spherical structure with golden discs. This is used for practising Yoga. This is built by Mirra Alfassa, the spiritual ally of Shri Aurobindo.
  • In Manakula Vinayagar Temple of Lord Ganesh in Pondicherry, an elephant named Laxmi takes gifts and money from the devotees and blesses them. the UT has 70 Temples that are devoted to Lord Ganesha.
  • Puducherry is the birthplace of famous Hollywood director M. Night Shyamalan.
  • The beautiful Basilica Sacred Heart of Jesus Church of Puducherry is too huge to hold 2000 people.

Facts and Interesting Points About Chandigarh

  • Chandigarh is the capital city of both Punjab and Haryana.
  • The city is named after the goddess Chandi Mata of Panchkula.
  • Chandigarh is situated near the foothills of the Sivalik mountain ranges. The UT is surrounded by Haryana on the east and Punjab on all other sides.
  • Chandigarh is one of the early planned cities in independent India. Chandigarh was the dream city of the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Chandigarh is locally known as ‘the City Beautiful’.
  • Chandigarh is also called the Greenest City in India.
  • The master plan of the Chandigarh city was mapped out by the French architect Le Corbusier. There is no sector 13 in Chandigarh. Since the architect, Le Corbusier was Christian so number 13 was inauspicious as per his belief and never a part of the Chandigarh city. Le Corbusier also put one condition that there would be no statute or sculpture in any of the parks and roundabouts in the city. So till now, the roundabouts of the city are free of statues and sculptures.
  • The city has Roundabouts at regular intervals to ensure smooth ply of traffic on the road. Chandigarh is also known as the ‘City of Roundabouts’. The roundabouts are decorated with plants.
  • Chandigarh along with Panchkula of Haryana and Mohali of Punjab are jointly known as ‘Tricity’.
  • In 2016, the Capitol Complex of Chandigarh was listed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
  • The official symbol of the city is an Openhand Monument. The 26 meters high symbol implies peace and represents “to give and to offer”.
  • The Nek Chand’s Rock Garden in Chandigarh is completely built of waste and thrown-away items from homes and industries.
  • Zakir Hussain Rose Garden in Chandigarh is the largest Rose Garden in Asia. The garden spreads over 30 acres of land and contains over 16000 different species of rose.