- Himachal Pradesh got its statehood on 25th January 1971 and became the 18th state of India. Previously it was a Union territory of India.
- It was formed by the integration of four districts ( Mandi, Chamba, Mahasu and Sirmour ) with 30 princely states.
- Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the state population.
- Himachal Pradesh is the first state in the country to become smoke-free. To achieve this milestone, both Ujjwala and Himachal Grihini Suvidha schemes are proving to be a boon for the people of the state.
- Solan city situated in Himachal Pradesh is known as the “Mushroom city of India” because of the vast mushroom farming in the area.
- All the three airports at Shimla, Kullu and Kangra are operated seasonally due to extreme weather conditions.
- Chail Cricket Ground located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh is located at 2444 meters above sea level, making it the highest cricket ground in the world.
- Hindi is the official language of Haryana.
- Haryana is the largest exporter of Basmati Rice.
- It is the 1st state in India to have full rural electrification.
- The state shares border with Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
- Haryana Surrounds NCT Delhi from its 3 sides.
- Haryana is divided into 4 major regions, viz Ambala, Hisar, Rohtak and Gurgaon.
- Faridabad is the largest city of Haryana.
- The state has epical as well as historical importance as pointed out below:
- Saraswati River Bank is situated in Haryana, where the Vedas which are the ancient books of the Hindu religion were written.
- The Kurukshetra which was prominent as the battleground of the epical Mahabharat war is a present district of the state.
- Gurgaon or Gurugram is believed to be the place where Dronacharya taught Pandavas and Kauravas.
- Some places in Hisar are having traces of the Harappa Civilization.
- The battles of Panipat were also fought in the Panipat district located in Haryana.
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